Experiments are carried out on an evaporating pendant droplet and the flow induced around the droplet due to evaporation is studied for different ambient gases. A pendant drop of ethanol is formed on a steel needle in a closed chamber maintained at room temperature (301 K). The chamber is filled with a pure gas (nitrogen, oxygen, argon or carbon dioxide). The evaporating droplet causes a flow due to thermal buoyancy (due to the temperature difference caused by evaporative cooling) and solutal buoyancy (due to the difference in molecular weight between the evaporating liquid and surrounding gas). This flow around the evaporating droplet is characterized by using PIV (particle image velocimetry) technique. From these experiments, it is observed that the flow characteristics such as the velocity and penetration length of the flow changes depending upon the molecular weight of the ambient gas. It is observed that the flow penetrates significantly in case of a lower molecular weight gas (e.g. nitrogen) and the penetration decreases with increasing molecular. This, in turn, affects the evaporation rate of the suspended droplet. © 2015 International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. All rights reserved.