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Rapid aerosol particle growth and increase of cloud condensation nucleus activity by secondary aerosol formation and condensation: A case study for regional air pollution in northeastern China
, Wiedensohler A., Cheng Y.F., Nowak A., Wehner B., Achtelt P., Berghof M., Birmili W., Wu Z.J., Hu M.Show More
Published in Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume: 114
Issue: 8
This study was part of the international field measurement Campaigns of Air Quality Research in Beijing and Surrounding Region 2006 (CAREBeijing-2006). We investigated a new particle formation event in a highly polluted air mass at a regional site south of the megacity Beijing and its impact on the abundance and properties of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). During the 1-month observation, particle nucleation followed by significant particle growth on a regional scale was observed frequently (∼30%), and we chose 23 August 2006 as a representative case study. Secondary aerosol mass was produced continuously, with sulfate, ammonium, and organics as major components. The aerosol mass growth rate was on average 19 μg m-3 h-1 during the late hours of the day. This growth rate was observed several times during the 1-month intensive measurements. The nucleation mode grew very quickly into the size range of CCN, and the CCN size distribution was dominated by the growing nucleation mode (up to 80% of the total CCN number concentration) and not as usual by the accumulation mode. At water vapor supersaturations of 0.07-0.86%, the CCN number concentrations reached maximum values of 4000-19,000 cm -3 only 6-14 h after the nucleation event. During particle formation and growth, the effective hygroscopicity parameter κ increased from about 0.1-0.3 to 0.35-0.5 for particles with diameters of 40-90 nm, but it remained nearly constant at ∼ 0.45 for particles with diameters of ∼ 190 nm. This result is consistent with aerosol chemical composition data, showing a pronounced increase of sulfate. Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Open AccessNo