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Molecular dynamics of partially confined Lennard-Jones gases: Velocity autocorrelation function, mean squared displacement, and collective excitations
Kanka Ghosh,
Published in American Physical Society
Volume: 98
Issue: 5
Particle motion and correlations in fluids within confined domains promise to provide challenges and opportunities for experimental and theoretical studies. We report molecular dynamics simulations of a Lennard-Jones gas mimicking argon under partial confinement for a wide range of densities at a temperature of 300K. The isotropic behavior of velocity autocorrelation function (VACF) and mean squared displacement (MSD), seen in the bulk, breaks down due to partial confinement. A distinct trend emerges in the VACF and MSD, corresponding to the confined direction, while the trends in VACF and MSD, corresponding to the other two unconfined directions are seen to be unaffected by the confinement. VACF displays a minimum, at short timescales, that correlates with the separation between the reflective walls. The effect of partial confinement on MSD is seen to manifest as a transition from diffusive to subdiffusive motion with the transition time correlating with the minimum in the VACF. When compared to the trends shown by MSD and VACF in the bulk, the MSD exhibits subdiffusive behavior, and the VACF features rapid decay, suggesting that confinement suppresses the role of thermal fluctuations significantly. Repetitive wall-mediated collisions are identified to give rise to the minima in VACF and in turn a characteristic frequency in its frequency spectrum. The strong linear relation between the minima in VACF and wall-spacing suggests the existence of collective motion propagating at the speed of sound. These numerical experiments can offer interesting possibilities in the study of confined motion with observable consequences. © 2018 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPhysical Review E
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Physical Society
Open AccessYes
Concepts (12)
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    Elastic moduli
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    Characteristic frequencies
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    Molecular dynamics simulations
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    Numerical experiments
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    Subdiffusive behavior
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    Thermal fluctuations
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    Velocity autocorrelation functions
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    Molecular dynamics