A recent finding in epidemiological and laboratory studies suggests that the ratio of selenium to glutathione is lower in breast cancer subjects than its control counterparts. Selenium, an antioxidant and anticarcinogen, can modify the status of glutathione and some associated enzymes by blocking peroxidation of lipids in membranes of cancer subjects. Studies were conducted using female albino rats of Wistar strain bearing mammary tumor induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene to assess the biological role of selenium on some antioxidant enzymes associated with the maintenance of glutathione status. For induction of mammary tumor, 25 mg DMBA in a 1 ml emulsion of sunflower oil and physiological saline was injected subcutaneously to each rat. One group in each of control and tumor bearing rats, were fed 5 mg sodium selenite/kg diet from the day of tumor induction for 24 weeks. Increase in the reduced glutathione concentration was preceded by significant increase in the oxidized glutathione as well as in the activities of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by selenium administration in rats bearing tumor. However, selenium administration to rats bearing tumor decreased the activity of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase. These observations clearly demonstrate the influence of dietary selenium supplementation in correcting abnormal changes in glutathione turnover and some associated enzymes in tumor induced rats.