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Channel Selection Algorithm for Cognitive Radio Networks with Heavy-Tailed Idle Times
Senthilmurugan Sengottuvelan,
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Volume: 16
Issue: 5
Pages: 1258 - 1271
We consider a multichannel Cognitive Radio Network (CRN), where secondary users sequentially sense channels for opportunistic spectrum access. In this scenario, the Channel Selection Algorithm (CSA) allows secondary users to find a vacant channel with the minimal number of channel switches. Most of the existing CSA literature assumes exponential ON-OFF time distribution for primary user's (PU) channel occupancy pattern. This exponential assumption might be helpful to get performance bounds; but not useful to evaluate the performance of CSA under realistic conditions. An in-depth analysis of independent spectrum measurement traces reveals that wireless channels have typically heavy-tailed PU OFF times. In this paper, we propose an extension to the Predictive CSA framework and its generalization for heavy tailed PU OFF time distribution, which represents realistic scenarios. In particular, we calculate the probability of channel being idle for hyper-exponential OFF times to use in CSA. We implement our proposed CSA framework in a wireless test-bed and comprehensively evaluate its performance by recreating the realistic PU channel occupancy patterns. The proposed CSA shows significant reduction in channel switches and energy consumption as compared to Predictive CSA which always assumes exponential PU ON-OFF times. Through our work, we show the impact of the PU channel occupancy pattern on the performance of CSA in multichannel CRN. © 2002-2012 IEEE.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
PublisherData powered by TypesetInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open AccessYes
Concepts (12)
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    Energy utilization
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    Radio systems
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    Channel selection
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    Cognitive radio network
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    Exponential distributions
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    Opportunistic spectrum access
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    Realistic conditions
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    Cognitive radio