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Vorticity Generation Due to Surface Tension-Driven Spreading
Published in
Pages: 25 - 32
We study the generation of vorticity at a water–air interface due to the spreading of ethanol–water droplets for ethanol concentrations in the drop ranging from 20% ≤ Ce≤ 100% on the surface of a 50 mm deep water layer. On deposition onto the water layer, the lighter, miscible ethanol droplet spreads as a film on the water surface due to the ethanol–water surface tension difference. Simultaneous to the film spreading, an expanding vortex ring is found below the tip of the spreading film front. The phenomenon in the water layer is visualized using particles, and 2D PIV is used to obtain the velocity field. Vortex regions are identified using the λ2 method for various time instants. The average vorticity generation in between the time instants is calculated. A scaling law is proposed for the dimensionless vorticity at a given instant based on the experimental observations. © 2021, Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
About the journal
JournalLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
Open AccessNo