The stability of almond β-glucosidase in five different organic media was evaluated. After 1 hour of incubation at 30°C, the enzyme retained 95, 91, 81, 74 and 56% relative activity in aqueous solutions [30% (v/v)] of dioxane, DMSO, DMF, acetone and acetonitrile, respectively. Transglucosylation involving p-nitrophenyl β-D-glucopyranoside as donor and β-1-N-acetamido-D-glucopyranose, which is a glycosylasparagine mimic, as acceptor was explored under different reaction conditions using almond β-glucosidase and cloned Pichia etchellsii β-glucosidase II. The yield of disaccharides obtained in both reactions turned out to be 3%. Both enzymes catalyzed the formation of (1 → 3)- as well as (1 → 6)-regioisomeric disaccharides, the former being the major product in cloned β-glucosidase II reaction while the latter predominated in the almond enzyme catalyzed reaction. Use of β-1-N-acetamido-D-mannopyranose and β-1-N-acetamido-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose as acceptors in almond β-glucosidase catalyzed reactions, however, did not afford any disaccharide products revealing the high acceptor specificity of this enzyme. © 2004 Taylor & Francis Ltd.