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Thickness-dependent Crack Propagation in Uniaxially Strained Conducting Graphene Oxide Films on Flexible Substrates
Published in Nature Publishing Group
PMID: 28572565
Volume: 7
Issue: 1
We demonstrate that crack propagation in uniaxially strained reduced graphene oxide (rGO) films is substantially dependent on the film thickness, for films in the sub-micron regime. rGO film on flexible polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate develop quasi-periodic cracks upon application of strain. The crack density and crack width follow contrasting trends as film thickness is increased and the results are described in terms of a sequential cracking model. Further, these cracks also have a tendency to relax when the strain is released. These features are also reflected in the strain-dependent electrical dc and ac conductivity studies. For an optimal thickness (3-coat), the films behave as strain-resistant, while for all other values it becomes strain-responsive, attributed to a favorable combination of crack density and width. This study of the film thickness dependent response and the crack propagation mechanism under strain is a significant step for rationalizing the application of layered graphene-like systems for flexible optoelectronic and strain sensing applications. When the thickness is tuned for enhanced extent of crack propagation, strain-sensors with gauge factor up to 470 are realized with the same material. When thickness is chosen to suppress the crack propagation, strain-resistive flexible TiO2-rGO UV photoconductor is realized. © 2017 The Author(s).
About the journal
JournalScientific Reports
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Open AccessNo