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Synergy between the crack pattern and substrate elasticity in colloidal deposits
, , Lama H., Gogoi T., Pauchard L.
Published in American Physical Society
PMID: 33862708
Volume: 103
Issue: 3
Desiccation cracks in colloidal deposits occur to release the excess strain energy arising from the competition between the drying induced shrinkage of the deposit and its adhesion to the substrate. Here we report remarkably different morphology of desiccation cracks in the dried patterns formed by the evaporation of sessile drops containing colloids on elastomer (soft) or glass (stiff) substrates. The change in the crack pattern, i.e., from radial cracks on stiff substrates to circular cracks on soft substrates, is shown to arise solely due to the variation in elasticity of the underlying substrates. Our experiments and calculations reveal an intricate correlation between the desiccation crack patterns and the substrate's elasticity. The mismatch in modulus of elasticity between the substrate and that of the particulate deposit significantly alters the energy release rate during the nucleation and propagation of cracks. The stark variation in crack morphology is attributed to the tensile or compressive nature of the drying-induced in-plane stresses. © 2021 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPhysical Review E
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Physical Society
Open AccessNo