A highly enantioselective stereodivergent synthesis of 3-aminooxindole derivatives was accomplished via asymmetric Mannich reaction between 2-substituted benzofuran-3-one and isatin-derived ketimines. Both anti and syn-selective chiral 3,3-disubstituted amino oxindoles bearing two adjacent tetrasubstituted stereogenic centers with high yield and excellent enantioselectivities were obtained using readily available cinchona-alkaloid derived organocatalysts. The control experiment revealed that oxygen atom present in the benzofuran ring played an important role in switching diastereodivergence. The obtained Mannich product was further transformed into a biologically important 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran derivative having three contiguous stereocenters with no loss of enantioselectivity. © Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society.