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Role of Surfactants in Promoting Gas Hydrate Formation
, , Bhattacharjee G., Kulkarni B.D.
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 54
Issue: 49
Pages: 12217 - 12232
Gas hydrates have been proposed as a potential technology for a number of applications, such as separation of gas mixtures, CO2 capture, transportation, and sequestration, methane storage and transport, and seawater desalination. Most of these applications will benefit from reduced induction time of hydrate nucleation, enhanced hydrate growth rate, and maximum water-to-hydrate conversion. The addition of surfactants to the gas-water system serves this purpose in a very effective manner. This review focuses on different surfactants that were utilized for gas hydrate formation studies; insights have been provided on the possible mechanisms of action through which these surfactants affect hydrate formation kinetics. A thorough analysis of the existing literature on surfactants suggests that enhanced rate of hydrate nucleation and growth kinetics may not be directly linked to micelle formation. Conversely, reduced surface tension in the presence of surfactants not only enhances the mass transfer but also changes the morphology of hydrate formation, which in turn enhances gas-water interactions for faster hydrate growth rate. © 2015 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
Open AccessNo