An experimental investigation has been carried out to measure the size of nano-aluminium agglomerates emerging from the combustion of nano-aluminized sandwiches and composite solid propellants. Nano-aluminium of median size of 50 nm produced in-house by the electrical wire explosion method is used in these samples. Propellants with different sizes of coarse and fine ammonium perchlorate are considered. Surface features of sandwiches and a propellant whose burning was interrupted by rapid depressurization are examined in a scanning electron microscope. The combustion products of the sandwiches and propellants are quenched close to the burning surface and collected in a quench collection set-up. The surface features of rapid-depressurization quenched sandwiches exhibit relatively large nano-aluminium clusters - of the order a few micrometres - particularly in the binder lamina. Quench-collected nano-aluminium exhibits significant agglomeration, but only a small fraction of the agglomerates are in the 1-3 μm range, except for both the coarse and fine AP particles used in the formulation being large, but even there they do not exceed ∼5 μm in size. This is expected to be benign for reduced smoke propellant applications from exhaust signature point of view, and to decrease the specific impulse losses without sacrificing the energetics of the propellant. © 2010 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.