Photoconductivity studies on spark plasma sintered BiFeO3 samples with two contrasting morphologies, viz., nanoparticle-segregated grain boundary (BFO-AP) and clean grain boundary (BFO-AA), show that their photo-response is largely influenced by the grain boundary defects. Impedance analyses at 300 K and 573 K clearly demarcate the contributions from grain, grain-boundary, and the nanoparticle-segregated grain-boundary conductivities. I-V characteristics under 1 sun illumination show one order of higher conductivity for BFO-AP, whereas conductivity decreases for BFO-AA sample. Larger photocurrent in BFO-AP is attributed to the extra conduction path provided by oxygen vacancies on the nanoparticle surfaces residing at the grain boundaries. Creation of photo-induced traps under illumination and the absence of surface conduction channels in BFO-AA are surmised to result in a decreased conductivity on illumination. © 2017 Author(s).