Gut microbiome plays an important role in determining the effectiveness of cancer therapy. The composition of the microbiome is crucial to maintain good digestive health in the host, and to prevent and treat colorectal cancers. Most cancer therapies employ oxidative stress, which disturbs the redox status of the cell, and consequently affect growth, reductive biosynthesis and cell death. Therefore, oxidative stress can undesirably affect the gut microbiome. Hence, it is important to understand the impact of oxidative stress on gut bacteria to devise effective treatment strategies. The current study induces oxidative stress in the model gut bacterium Enterococcus durans (MTCC 3031) with menadione and H2O2. Oxidative stress considerably decreased the redox ratio (NADPH/NADP), an indicator of the redox status, by 55% (menadione) and 28% (H2O2). In addition, an oxidative stress induced decrease in redox ratio decreased folate synthesis by the bacteria, which is an undesirable consequence for the host, since folate deficiency can induce colorectal cancer. Further, oxidative stress considerably decreased growth and the biomass density by 61% (menadione) and 21% (H2O2). Thus, maintenance of the cellular redox status and management of oxidative stress in the gut microbiome may be crucial to the effectiveness of cancer treatment strategies. © 2018, The Author(s).