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Optimally-weighted non-linear beamformer for conventional focused beam ultrasound imaging systems
A. Vayyeti,
Published in Nature Research
PMID: 34732736
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
A novel non-linear beamforming method, namely, filtered delay optimally-weighted multiply and sum (F-DowMAS) beamforming is reported for conventional focused beamforming (CFB) technique. The performance of F-DowMAS was compared against delay and sum (DAS), filtered delay multiply and sum (F-DMAS), filtered delay weight multiply and sum (F-DwMAS) and filter delay Euclidian weighted multiply and sum (F-DewMAS) methods. Notably, in the proposed method the optimal adaptive weights are computed for each imaging point to compensate for the effects due to spatial variations in beam pattern in CFB technique. F-DowMAS, F-DMAS, and DAS were compared in terms of the resulting image quality metrics, Lateral resolution (LR), axial resolution (AR), contrast ratio (CR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), estimated from experiments on a commercially available tissue-mimicking phantom. The results demonstrate that F-DowMAS improved the AR by 57.04% and 46.95%, LR by 58.21% and 53.40%, CR by 67.35% and 39.25%, and CNR by 44.04% and 30.57% compared to those obtained using DAS and F-DMAS, respectively. Thus, it can be concluded that the newly proposed F-DowMAS outperforms DAS and F-DMAS. As an aside, we also show that the optimal weighting strategy can be extended to benefit DAS. © 2021, The Author(s).
About the journal
JournalScientific Reports
PublisherNature Research