A variety of arylamines are shown to undergo oxidative C-C bond formation using quinone-based chloranil/H+ reagent as the recyclable organic (metal-free) oxidant system to afford benzidines/naphthidines. Arylamines (3°/2°) designed with various substituents were employed to understand the steric as well as electronic preferences of oxidative dimerization, and a mechanism involving amine radical cation has been proposed. The tetraphenylbenzidine derivative obtained via oxidative C-C coupling has been further converted to blue-emissive hole-transporting material via a simple chemical transformation. This study highlights the preparation of novel HTMs in a simple, economic, and efficient manner. © 2017 American Chemical Society.