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Mechanics of raceway hysteresis in a packed bed
Gupta G.S., , Rudolph V., Singh V., , Litster J.D.
Published in
Volume: 36
Issue: 6
Pages: 755 - 764
When a gas is introduced at high velocity through a nozzle into a packed bed, it creates a raceway in the packed bed. It has been found that the raceway size is larger when it is formed by decreasing the gas velocity from its highest value than when it is formed by increasing the gas velocity. This phenomenon is known as raceway hysteresis. A hypothesis has been proposed to explain the hysteresis phenomenon based on a force-balance approach which includes frictional, bed-weight, and pressure forces. According to this hypothesis, the frictional force acts in different directions when the raceway is expanding and contracting. In this article, the entire packed bed has been divided into radial and Cartesian co-ordinate systems, and the forces acting on the raceway have been solved analytically for a simplified one-dimensional case. Based on the force-balance approach, a general equation has been obtained to predict the diameter of the raceway for increasing and decreasing velocities. A reasonable agreement has been found between the theoretical predictions and experimental observations. The model has also been compared with published experimental and plant data. The hysteresis mechanism in the packed beds can be described reasonably by taking into consideration the direction of frictional forces for the increasing- and decreasing-velocity cases. The effects of the particle-shape factor and void fraction on the raceway hysteresis are examined.
About the journal
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Open AccessNo