Nanoparticles rival pharmaceuticals in synthetic inefficiency, in particular as measured by process mass intensity, with by far the largest contribution to waste being from solvents. We have therefore developed a greener method of synthesizing silver nanoparticles using a paste format instead of a metal salt solution. The paste-based synthesis requires 87% less solvent yet still produces exclusively Na4Ag44(p-MBA)30 nanoparticles, without size sorting, with 89% yield. By using a stoichiometric silver-thiolate polymer as a precursor to intimately mix the metal atoms and ligands, and by using a small amount of liquid to form a paste to promote mass transport, the heterogeneity and kinetics problems that are associated with entirely solid-state syntheses were avoided. Because the nanoparticle product was also a paste, solvent use for postprocessing was minimized. Use of the silver-thiolate polymer can also reduce health risks associated with hazardous free thiols in conventional solution-phase syntheses. Using this strategy, the process mass intensity was reduced from ∼1800 for the solution-phase reaction to ∼200 and ∼100 for the paste-based reaction with and without protonation of the ligands, respectively. © 2017 American Chemical Society.