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High-velocity impact response of titanium-based fiber metal laminates. Part I: experimental investigations
A.P. Sharma, , S.K. Ha,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 152
This two-part article examines the distribution of metallic layers through the thickness of fiber metal laminates (FMLs) on their response and damage when subjected to high-velocity projectile impact. Glass fiber/epoxy and Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy sheets are used to obtain four different layups of FMLs fabricating by the hand layup process and exhibiting the same thickness of the total metal layer. Part I deals with experimental investigations of fully clamped square FMLs normally impacting at the center by hemispherical steel projectile using compressed air gun set up. Different parameters are considered to evaluate the FMLs’ performance, which includes damage degree, first cracking energy, crack length, deformation profile, and damage developed on the surface and inside the laminate. The results indicate that the highest permanent deformation and cracking are exhibited by FML 4/3-0.3, exhibiting separation of composite layers with different orientations by the metallic layer. The other FMLs exhibit lower and approximately similar permanent deformations. However, lower cracking and a relatively higher lateral delamination spread and opening of the interlayer are exhibited by FML 2/1-0.6 in which composite layers are arranged together than FML 4/3-0.3, signifying that the damage spreading laterally can be reduced by dispensing titanium layers. The ballistic resistance is found to be similar for FMLs. The levels of permanent deformation, cracking, and delamination with their opening and spreading are lesser for titanium-based FMLs than aluminium-based FMLs. The ballistic response of FMLs will be evaluated using analytical modeling in an accompanying study (Part II). © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Journal of Impact Engineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
Open AccessNo