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Flow and pressure drop fluctuations in a vertical tube subject to low frequency oscillations
, Arcot R. Balakrishnan
Published in
Volume: 238
Issue: 1
Pages: 178 - 187
Heat transfer and other equipment mounted on off-shore platforms may be subjected to low frequency oscillations. The effect of these oscillations, typically in the frequency range of 0.1-1 Hz, on the flow rate and pressure drop in a vertical tube has been studied experimentally in the present work. A 1.75 m-long vertical tube of inner diameter 0.016 m was mounted on a plate and the whole plate was subjected to oscillations in the vertical plane using a mechanical simulator capable of providing low frequency oscillations in the range of 8-30 cycles/min at an amplitude of 0.125 m. The effect of the oscillations on the flow rate and the pressure drop has been measured systematically in the Reynolds number range 500-6500. The induced flow rate fluctuations were found to be dependent on the Reynolds number with stronger fluctuations at lower Reynolds numbers. The effective friction factor, based on the mean pressure drop and the mean flow rate, was also found to be higher than expected. Correlations have been developed to quantify this Reynolds number dependence. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Open AccessNo
Concepts (10)
  •  related image
    Flow rate
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    Heat transfer
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    Natural frequencies
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    Pipe flow
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    Pressure drop
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    Reynolds number
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    Friction factor
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    Tubes (components)