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Experimental study of the effects of droplet number density on turbulence-driven polydisperse droplet size growth
, Shyam Kumar M., Chakravarthy S.R.
Published in
2021
Volume: 917
   
Abstract
Interaction of polydisperse droplets in a turbulent air flow features prominently in a wide range of phenomena, such as warm rain initiation as an example. In the current study, we present an experimental investigation on the effects of initial droplet field characteristics on the maximum droplet size growth. By performing experiments in a vertically oriented air flow facility, the air flow turbulence was able to be controlled through the mean flow velocity and an active turbulence generator. The initial droplet field characteristics (droplet diameter range of 0-120 m) were varied using spray nozzles of different flow numbers. Based on quantitative measurements of the droplet size distribution at various spatial locations using phase Doppler interferometry (PDI), we estimated the droplet size growth rate as a function of turbulence intensity, initial droplet number density and initial mean droplet size. For each (,), we observed the occurrence of an optimum turbulence intensity, with the corresponding maximum droplet size growth rate being. Two different trends were observed. When and were simultaneously increased and decreased, respectively, their competing influences resulted in small variations in. In contrast, when was held constant with a corresponding Stokes number smaller than unity, there existed a threshold above which increased rapidly with. These trends were then understood through long-distance microscopy (LDM) measurements. Beyond the aforementioned threshold, the fraction of uncorrelated small-sized
About the journal
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Open AccessNo