Interaction of fires with water have been a focus of study for human kind from the times immemorial. With the recent advances in water-based suppression, and restrictions put on halon usage, sprinklers and water-mist based fire suppression systems have become popular for industrial usage. Of this water mist is an interesting candidate, for it has advantages and to name a few would be less water requirement, non-wetting nature, gas phase action on fire. Water mist, as an effective fire suppressant, works on the principle of oxygen dilution and flame cooling. In this work, we are studying the action of water mist on a diffusion flame. The water mist was generated from a Delavan nozzle, fed with high pressure water, which is then directed downward into the raising flame. A circular burner fed with Methane in a controlled manner generated the diffusion flame. The reason to prefer a gas burner is to have a control over heat release rate which will help in simulating various fuel sources of different burning rate. A glass cubicle was used to isolate the experiments from ambient disturbances. A Digital SLR camera was used to record the flame and subsequently the images were processed to obtain flame height. Particle Image Velocimetry was used to study the effect of the flame on the water mist., by imaging the Mie scattered laser light from the droplets. Parameters that were varied were the injection pressure and flow rate of the Methane into the burner. Visual imaging from the camera indicated that there were occasional flame tip flattening during the suppression mechanism. The flame luminosity is diminished and the diffusion flame height is reduced due to the action of the water mist. Moreover, this effect is more pronounced for smaller flame than larger flame, indicating the role of the buoyancy in fire suppression effectiveness. The PIV results show that the droplets are slowed down very close to the nozzle due to the flame. Also, a recirculation zone is observed at the periphery of the spray cone, very close to the nozzle. It is a toroidal vortex that is generated due to the interaction, and the droplets thrown away from the spray cone gets trapped into this flow. The flow structure is present in a highly turbulent region and is identified in the mean field. Another finding is that close to the burner, fine droplets that could make it to the base, gets entrained into the flame. It is expected that the droplets tend to be entrained into the larger flame, as the entrainment is stronger for large flame, compared to the smaller flame. But the PIV results indicate otherwise, which is attributed to the larger size of droplets making its way close to the burner. We believe that these results will enlarge our understanding of the suppression mechanism of water mist and could form a basis for validating various simulation models. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.