Multi-leg TiO2 nanotubes have been synthesised by electrochemical anodisation of Ti foils with suitable optimisation of the electrolyte (containing NH4F and HF) composition and concentration. As a result, multi-leg nanotube morphology shows a 4-fold enhancement in photocurrent density compared with that of compact tubes of comparable length under UV-VIS (320-500 nm) light illumination. We attribute this enhancement in photocurrent to efficient light scattering within the multi-leg morphology and the availability of a large contact area with the electrolyte compared to that of compact nanotubes. A model has been presented for light trapping and scattering ability on the basis of the graded refractive index behaviour associated with multi-leg nanotubes. Such graded refractive index behaviour is found to reduce specular reflectance, leading to a greater scattering of light into the nanotube structure. The diffused reflectance spectra confirm higher scattering in the multi-leg nanotube arrays, which indicates greater light harvesting by the multi-leg nanotube arrays. © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd.