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Effect of applied stress on IR transmission of spark plasma-sintered alumina
D. Chakravarty,
Published in
Volume: 93
Issue: 4
Pages: 951 - 953
The effect of applied stress on IR transmittance of nanocrystalline alumina prepared by spark plasma sintering was evaluated. Transparent alumina with maximum transmittance >80% was obtained over the entire mid-IR wavelength range of 3-5 μm by applying a high stress of 275 MPa at 1150°C using specially designed high-strength compound dies. The transmittance observed was similar to previous reports at identical wavelengths, but at a lower sintering temperature. The transparent samples have an average grain size of 0.3 μm and a hardness of 23 GPa. At lower stresses and sintering temperatures, transmittance reduced drastically due to remnant pores in the matrix as observed from the microstructural analysis. The effect of porosity was found to be critical in developing transparency as even a marginal decrease in porosity led to substantial increase in transmittance. © 2010 The American Ceramic Society.
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JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society