Developing an effective antibacterial surface with the help of drugs that prevent bacterial adhesion, colonization, and proliferation into the surrounding tissues is of great demand. Rifampicin (Rf) is effective antibiotic drug proved has proved its potential in treating bacteria in biofilms, especially against the microbes causing bone infections. Hydroxyapatite (HA), a biocompatible osteoconductive ceramic, has been verified to be a significant material for bioactivity enhancement. Electrospinning is an effective inexpensive method for incorporating nanoparticles into nanofibers with uniform distribution for the drug delivery system for tissue engineering applications. In the current study, for improving bioactivity and antibacterial properties, novel functional polycaprolactone (PCL) composite nanofibers loaded HA and Rf was developed and coated on titanium (Ti). Different characterization techniques such as SEM, EDS, XRD, FITR were used to analyze these PCL/Rf/HA nanocomposites. The results showed that the bioactivity and tensile strength of the composite scaffold increased with the addition of HA nanoparticles. In vitro bioactivity demonstrated that the PCL/HA/Rf composite nanofibers possess enhanced calcium deposition when compared to the pure sample. Cellular interactive responses such as adhesive and proliferation were evaluated using hFOB human fetal osteoblast cell lines. After 6 days of culturing, the cellular properties on Ti sample coated with PCL/HA/Rf was significantly improved. Antibacterial evaluations on the substrates showed that Rf-loaded PCL/HA fibers displayed >3 log reduction against S.aureus MRSA, and S.epidermidis bacterial strain and >2 log reduction against P.aeruginosa bacteria. In vitro drug release study shows initial burst release of Rf, followed by sustained released of 62% at the end of 32 days. The cell viability, adhesion, and proliferation evaluation suggest that the PCL/HA/Rf coated substrate possess good cytocompatibility. Further incorporation of Rf enhanced the antibacterial property of this nanofibrous scaffold. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.