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Analysis and classification of droplet characteristics from atomizers using multifractal analysis
Vedasri Godavarthi, K. Dhivyaraja, ,
Published in Nature Publishing Group
PMID: 31700016
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Atomizers find applications in diverse fields such as agriculture, pharmaceutics and combustion. Among the most commonly found atomizer classes of designs are pressure swirl, airblast and ultrasonic atomizers. However, it has thus far not been possible to identify the class of an atomizer from spray characteristics. We perform multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis on the droplet inter-arrival times, diameters and axial velocities of pressure swirl, airblast and ultrasonic nebulizer sprays to quantify the differences in complexity in the respective signals. We show that the width of the multifractal spectrum of the signals of droplet diameters and the inter-arrival times, measured at the edge of the spray are robust atomizer identifiers. Further, we show the presence of correlations among the droplet diameters which are otherwise considered as random or derived from a log-normal distribution. This study can be further generalized to classify fluid mechanical systems or biological sprays using an appropriately chosen single point measurement in the flow field. © 2019, The Author(s).
About the journal
JournalScientific Reports
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Open AccessNo