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Whispering Gallery Mode Assisted Enhancement in the Power Conversion Efficiency of DSSC and QDSSC Devices Using TiO 2 Microsphere Photoanodes
Tapan Kumar Das, Perumal Ilaiyaraja,
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 1
Issue: 2
Pages: 765 - 774
Mesoporous TiO 2 nanoparticles are excellent photoanodes for sensitized solar cells (SSC). However, a significant loss in the photoconversion efficiency (PCE) occurs due to the inefficient light absorption. Large Mie scattering from mesoporous micron-sized spheres could be used to enhance the absorption and hence the PCE. Here, we show that a composite comprising a TiO 2 mesoporous microsphere with smooth surface (SμS-TiO 2 ) exhibiting whispering gallery modes (WGM) and a commercial TiO 2 mesoporous nanoparticle (Degussa P25) with an optimum ratio (80:20 wt %) shows significant enhancement in PCE of DSSC and QDSSC devices. SμS-TiO 2 exhibits strong WGM as evidenced from the photoluminescence studies carried out using a laser with an excitation wavelength λ exc = 325 nm. These microspheres sensitized with N719 dye or CdSe/CuInS 2 QDs are shown to exhibit emission characteristics strongly coupled to WGM resulting in an enhanced PCE in SSC. Increases in PCE of ∼24% in DSSC devices and 80-95% in QDSSC devices of 0.25 cm 2 area are demonstrated. Thus, TiO 2 composite exhibiting WGM can be used as a generic photoanode to achieve maximum PCE for Grätzel type sensitized solar cells. This study suggests special class of solar cells called "whisperonic solar cells". © 2018 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetACS Applied Energy Materials
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society
Open AccessNo