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Wall proximity effects on the effectiveness of upstream control rod
Published in Academic Press
2014
Volume: 49
   
Pages: 112 - 134
Abstract
Two dimensional flow over a circular cylinder with an upstream control rod of same diameter is simulated in unbound condition and in wall bounded conditions. The cylinders are placed at various heights from the wall and the inter-distance between cylinders is also varied. The control rod is subjected to different rotation rates. It is found that, in unbound condition, rotating the control rod decreases the critical pitch length (S/Dcr) and increases the drag and Strouhal number of the main cylinder. In presence of plane wall, the shielding provided by the separated shear layers from the control rod in cavity regime is deteriorated due to deflection of shear layers which results in higher drag and large fluctuation of lift coefficient. However, in wake impingement regime, the binary vortices from the control rod are weakened due to diffusion of vorticity and hence, the main cylinder experiences a lower drag and small lift fluctuations than that of unbound condition. The critical height of vortex suppression (H/Dcr) is higher in cavity regime than that of wake impingement regime due to the single extended-bluff body like configuration. The rotation of control rod energizes the wall boundary layer and increases the critical height of vortex suppression. Increasing the rotational rate of control rod decreases the drag force and reduces the amplitude of lift fluctuation. Analysis of the wall shear stress distribution reveals that it suffers a sudden drop at moderate height where the normal Karman vortex shedding changes to irregular shedding consisting of single row of negative vortices. Modal structures obtained from dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) reveal that the flow structures behind the main cylinder are suppressed due to wall and the flow is dominated by the wake of control rod. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
PublisherAcademic Press
ISSN08899746
Open AccessNo
Concepts (15)
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    Circular cylinders
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    Drag
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    Interference suppression
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    Shear flow
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    Vortex flow
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    Wakes
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    Dynamic mode decompositions
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    KARMAN VORTEX SHEDDING
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    NEAR-WALL EFFECTS
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    SEPARATED SHEAR LAYERS
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    Two-dimensional flow
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    UPSTREAM CONTROL RODS
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    VORTEX SUPPRESSION
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    WAKE INTERFERENCES
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    CONTROL RODS