This article presents numerical simulation studies on the vibration and acoustic response characteristics of a multilayered viscoelastic sandwich plate in a thermal environment. Initially the critical buckling temperature is obtained followed by free and forced vibration analyses considering the pre-stress due to the imposed thermal environment in the plate. The vibration response predicted is then used to compute the sound radiation. The critical buckling temperature and vibration response are obtained using finite element method while sound radiation characteristics are obtained using boundary element method. It is found that resonant amplitude of both the vibration and acoustic response decreases with increase in temperature. The influence of core thickness, number of layers, type of thermal field, and type of viscoelastic core material on vibration response sound radiation characteristics are studied in detail. © The Author(s) 2011.