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Variation of momentum accommodation coefficients with pressure drop in a nanochannel
, Prabha S.K., Cp A.G.
Published in
Volume: 102
Issue: 2
Accommodation coefficients (ACs) are the phenomenological parameters used to evaluate gas-wall interactions. The gas transport through a finite length nanochannel will confront the variation of properties along the length of the channel. A three-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation has been carried out to examine this streamwise inhomogeneity of flow characteristics in a nanochannel. The rarefaction of the flow to the downstream direction is a crucial behavior in a pressure-driven nanochannel flow. This is manifested as the variation in velocity and temperature along the length of the channel. Subsequently, the interactions between the gas and wall particles will get reduced considerably. Moreover, the characteristics near the wall are examined in detail. A nonhomogeneous behavior in density and velocity profile near the wall is reported. Further, the momentum accommodation coefficient (MAC) in both the tangential and normal directions is examined along the lengthwise sections of the channel. The results show a significant variation of tangential and normal MACs along the length. Further, three channels with different length-to-characteristic dimension (L/H) ratios are considered to investigate the effect of L/H ratio. All three channels are subjected to the same pressure drop along the length. It is observed that the MACs and slip length show distinct behavior for different (L/H) ratios. The work establishes that the variation of MAC along the length of the channel has to be considered in modeling the nano- A nd microtransport systems. © 2020 American Physical Society.
About the journal
JournalPhysical Review E
Open AccessNo