Deep neural networks (DNN) require large amount of train- ing data to build robust acoustic models for speech recognition tasks. Our work is intended in improving the low-resource lan- guage acoustic model to reach a performance comparable to that of a high-resource scenario with the help of data/model param- eters from other high-resource languages. we explore trans- fer learning and distillation methods, where a complex high resource model guides or supervises the training of low re- source model. The techniques include (i) multi-lingual frame- work of borrowing data from high-resource language while training the low-resource acoustic model. The KL divergence based constraints are added to make the model biased towards low-resource language, (ii) distilling knowledge from the com- plex high-resource model to improve the low-resource acoustic model. The experiments were performed on three Indian lan- guages namely Hindi, Tamil and Kannada. All the techniques gave improved performance and the multi-lingual framework with KL divergence regularization giving the best results. In all the three languages a performance close to or better than high- resource scenario was obtained. Copyright © 2017 ISCA.