In this article, buckling and vibration behavior of a functionally graded material (FGM) sandwich beam having constrained viscoelastic layer (VEL) is studied in thermal environment by using finite element formulation. The FGM sandwich beam is assumed to be clamped on both edges. The material properties of FGM are functionally graded in thickness direction according to volume fraction power law distribution. Temperature dependent material properties of FGM stiff layer and shear modulus of viscoelastic layer are considered to carry out buckling and vibration analysis. Numerical studies involving the understanding the effect of power law index, core to stiff layer ratio on the thermal buckling temperature as well as on vibration has been carried out. In addition influence of temperature on natural frequencies and loss factors have been examined for FGM sandwich beam. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.