Intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) in a pool-type liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor is an important heat exchanging component as it forms an intermediate boundary between the radioactive primary sodium in the pool and the non-radioactive secondary sodium in the steam generator (SG). The thermal loads during steady state and transient conditions impose thermal stresses on the heat exchanger tubes and on the shells which hold the tube bundle. Estimation of these thermal loads and achieving uniform temperature distribution in the tubes and shells by having uniform flow distributions are the major tasks of thermal hydraulic investigations of IHX. Through multi-dimensional thermal hydraulic investigations performed using commercially available computer codes such as PHOENICS, the flow and temperature distributions in the tubes and shells and in its secondary sodium inlet and outlet headers are obtained with and with out provisions of flow distribution devices. The effectiveness of these devices in achieving acceptably uniform flow and temperature distributions has been assessed and thermal loads on the tubes and shells for thermo mechanical analysis of the IHX have been defined. The predictions of the computational studies have been validated against simulated experiments. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.