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Thermal comfort in traditional buildings composed of local and modern construction materials
Published in Elsevier B.V.
Volume: 6
Issue: 2
Pages: 463 - 475
In recent years, there is a renewed interest towards the passive cooling features of ancient building architectures, which are cost effective, eco-friendly and best suited for the local climate. On the other hand, the modern construction materials, such as cement and steel, are highly durable. Thermal comfort of eight vernacular buildings that use modern construction materials to improve the structural durability was monitored in July 2014. The buildings are located in Hyderabad, India. They have many passive cooling features that include air cavities in the structures to reduce heat transfer, high thermal mass to reduce temperature fluctuation and induced ventilation to remove heat from the indoor. All the passive cooling features investigated were found to have an appreciable influence on the thermal comfort of the indoor space. The ventilated air gaps in the roof reduced the average temperature of the roof interior surface by 1.2 °C. The diurnal temperature fluctuation of the indoor air reduced by 0.9 °C in a building with a higher thermal mass compared to a building with thin walls and roof. All the eight buildings were found to be comfortable most of the time with a slight discomfort during late night and morning hours. The maximum CO2 recorded was 550 ppm. This indicates that the buildings were adequately ventilated. © 2017
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Journal of Sustainable Built Environment
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier B.V.
Open AccessYes