Efficient synthesis of a large number of viable protoplasts from Trichoderma longibrachiatum (Trichoderma reesei) mycelium has been found to be influenced by a number of factors. In this case, Trichoderma harzianum NCIM 1185 culture filtrate has been used to prepare protoplasts from Trichoderma longibrachiatum QM 9414. A method has been devised to isolate a large number of viable protoplasts from the mycelium. Detailed analysis of different factors affecting the synthesis of protoplasts from T. longibrachiatum has not yet been reported. The most suitable conditions for protoplasting were as follows: age of the organism in slant, 3 days; mycelium age, 20 h; volume of lytic enzymes, 190 ml; mycelial weight (dry equivalent), 1.66 g; time of contact with lytic enzymes, 2 h; temperature of protoplasting, 30°C; phosphate buffer, 25 mm, pH 6.5; KCl as osmotic stabilizer, 0.7 m. Proper spreading of the mycelium in contact with the lytic enzymes was also found to be necessary. © 1992.