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Structural investigations on the (Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ti)O3 system
John D. Joseph, T. M. Vimala, James Raju, Vemuri Rama Krishna Murthy
Published in IOP, Bristol, United Kingdom
Volume: 32
Issue: 9
Pages: 1049 - 1057
Structural investigations of the compounds in the series Ba0.27Sr0.73ZryTi1-yO3 have been carried out. The crystal structure goes to lower symmetry with increasing Zr content and the tolerance factor decreases. The variation of Va/Vb is linear with the tolerance factor. The tilt system is a-a-c0 for compositions with y = 0.50 and 0.65. The tilt system is a-a-c+ for compositions with y = 0.80, 0.90 and 0.97 and for BSZT (Ba0.29Sr0.71Zr0.97Ti0.03O3) and BSZTTa (Ba0.29Sr0.71Zr0.95Ti0.04Ta0.01O3). The tilt angle with respect to the pseudocubic [100] and [001] directions increases with the Zr content. For compositions with y = 0, 0.25 and 0.40, the coordination of the A ion (Ba or Sr) is 12, whereas the A-ion coordination number is 11 for compounds with y = 0.50 and 0.65 and it is lower for compositions with y = 0.80, 0.90 and 0.97 and for the compounds BSZT and BSZTTa. The decrease in coordination number indicates that the compounds are becoming more and more covalent with increasing Zr content. A graph of |90°-γpc| against the tolerance factor shows that |90°-γpc| falls sharply at a tolerance factor corresponding to the compositions used in the fabrication of dielectric resonators. TCf values show that the sign of this parameter changes at a tolerance factor near 0.965 and has a minimum for compounds with orthorhombic Pbnm/Pnma structures.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
PublisherIOP, Bristol, United Kingdom
Open AccessNo
Concepts (7)
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    Crystal orientation
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    Crystal symmetry
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    Coordination number
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