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Stochastic modeling of twin nucleation in polycrystals: An application in hexagonal close-packed metals
Stephen R. Niezgoda, , Irene J. Beyerlein, Carlson N. Tomé
Published in Elsevier Ltd
2014
Volume: 56
   
Pages: 119 - 138
Abstract
Twinning in hexagonal close-packed (hcp) metals is a multi-scale process that depends on the microstructural and mechanical response details at the polycrystalline aggregate, grain, micro, and atomic scales. Twinning can generally be regarded as a two-step process, a nucleation event followed by propagation and growth. This articles presents a stochastic model for the nucleation of deformation twins in hcp polycrystals. Twin nucleation is modeled through its dependence on lower length scale material details, such as the defect configurations at potential nucleation sites within grain boundaries, and mechanical details such as highly localized stress concentrations at the microscale in a probabilistic manner. These two aspects, the material and mechanical, must align for a successful nucleation event. The nucleation process is cast as a survival model parameterized by the local stress at the grain boundary. The model gives an explicit form for the probability distribution for the critical stress values required for twin nucleation. The model is implemented into a viscoplastic self-consistent (VPSC) crystal plasticity framework in order to test its predictive capability against previously reported statistical characterization in deformed zirconium at multiple temperatures. For implementation in VPSC, the stress concentrations are sampled from a distribution calibrated to full-field crystal plasticity simulations and a three-dimensional model of grain neighbors and distribution of grain boundary areas are implemented. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Journal of Plasticity
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
Open AccessNo
Concepts (24)
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    Computer simulation
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    Constitutive models
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    Grain boundaries
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    Plasticity
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    Polycrystals
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    Probability
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    Probability distributions
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    Stress concentration
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    Twinning
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    Characterization
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    Nucleation
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    Single crystals
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    Stochastic systems
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    HCP
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    HEXAGONAL CLOSE-PACKED
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    POLYCRYSTALLINE AGGREGATES
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    Predictive capabilities
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    Statistical characterization
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    Stochastic
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    THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODEL
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    VISCO-PLASTIC SELF-CONSISTENT
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    DISTRIBUTION OF GRAINS
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    Hexagonal close packed
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    Stochastic models