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Significance of compaction time delay on compaction and strength characteristics of sulfate resistant cement-treated expansive soil
P. SriramKarthick Raja,
Published in Chinese Academy of Sciences
The addition of cement for stabilization of expansive soils is one of the most commonly used methods. As with every calcium-based stabilizer, the time delay between the physical mixing of the stabilizer and compaction plays an important role in achieving the desired results after stabilization. However, a clear insight on the determination of optimum time delay for achieving the maximum desired compaction properties of cement-stabilized soils is yet to be established. Furthermore, the recent studies highlighted the use of sulfate to mitigate the negative effect of compaction time delay. The only drawback with the use of sulfate along with calcium-based stabilizers is the formation of ettringite, which deteriorates the stabilized soil matrix. In view of this, the present study is aimed at using the sulfate resistant cement (SRC) as a stabilizer along with the controlled addition of sulfate solutions to mitigate the negative effect of compaction time delay in stabilizing the expansive soil. To bring out the above effects, three periods of time delays (0 h, 6 h and 24 h) and three sulfate concentrations of 5000 parts per million (ppm), 10,000 ppm and 20,000 ppm were adopted. The experimental results showed that the delay in compaction resulted in the formation of clogs and reduction of strength of SRC-stabilized expansive soil. Upon sulfate addition to SRC-stabilized expansive soil, the formation clogs was not curtailed and resulted in the formation of ettringite clusters. These formations were captured with the help of scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and validated with electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX) analysis. Further, an attempt is also made to explain the mechanism of density and strength reduction with the aid of physico-chemical properties and mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) studies. © 2021 Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
About the journal
JournalJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
PublisherChinese Academy of Sciences