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Rationing mechanisms and inventory control-policy parameters for a divergent supply chain operating with lost sales and costs of review
Published in
2011
Volume: 38
   
Issue: 8
Pages: 1117 - 1130
Abstract
We consider a static divergent two-stage supply chain with one distributor and many retailers. The unsatisfied demands at the retailers' end are treated as lost sales, whereas the unsatisfied demand is assumed to be backlogged at the distributor. The distributor uses an inventory rationing mechanism to distribute the available on-hand inventory among the retailers, when the sum of demands from the retailers is greater than the on-hand inventory at the distributor. The present study aims at determining the best installation inventory control-policy or order-policy parameters such as the base-stock levels and review periods, and inventory rationing quantities, with the objective of minimizing the total supply chain costs (TSCC) consisting of holding costs, shortage costs and review costs in the supply chain over a finite planning horizon. An exact solution procedure involving a mathematical programming model is developed to determine the optimum TSCC, base-stock levels, review periods and inventory rationing quantities (in the class of periodic review, order-up-to S policy) for the supply chain model under study. On account of the computational complexity involved in optimally solving problems over a large finite time horizon, a genetic algorithm (GA) based heuristic methodology is presented. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
About the journal
JournalComputers and Operations Research
ISSN03050548
Open AccessNo
Concepts (17)
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    ALLOCATION RULE
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    BASE STOCK
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    DIVERGENT SUPPLY CHAIN
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    INVENTORY RATIONING
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    LOST SALE
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    MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING MODEL
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    PERIODIC REVIEW
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    Computational complexity
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    Costs
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    Genetic algorithms
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    Inventory control
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    Mathematical programming
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    RESOURCE VALUATION
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    Sales
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    Supply chain management
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    Supply chains
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    Mathematical models