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Polystyrene adsorbents: rapid and efficient surrogate for dialysis in membrane protein purification
Published in
2020
Volume: 10
   
Issue: 1
Abstract
Membrane protein purification is a laborious, expensive, and protracted process involving detergents for its extraction. Purifying functionally active form of membrane protein in sufficient quantity is a major bottleneck in establishing its structure and understanding the functional mechanism. Although overexpression of the membrane proteins has been achieved by recombinant DNA technology, a majority of the protein remains insoluble as inclusion bodies, which is extracted by detergents. Detergent removal is essential for retaining protein structure, function, and subsequent purification techniques. In this study, we have proposed a new approach for detergent removal from the solubilized extract of a recombinant membrane protein: human phospholipid scramblase 3 (hPLSCR3). N-lauryl sarcosine (NLS) has been established as an effective detergent to extract the functionally active recombinant 6X-his- hPLSCR3 from the inclusion bodies. NLS removal before affinity-based purification is essential as the detergent interferes with the matrix binding. Detergent removal by adsorption onto hydrophobic polystyrene beads has been methodically studied and established that the current approach was 10 times faster than the conventional dialysis method. The study established the potency of polystyrene-based beads as a convenient, efficient, and alternate tool to dialysis in detergent removal without significantly altering the structure and function of the membrane protein. © 2020, The Author(s).
About the journal
JournalScientific Reports
Open AccessNo