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Performance evaluation of attached biofilm reactors for the treatment of wastewater contaminated with aromatic hydrocarbons and phenolic compounds
Published in Elsevier Ltd
2017
Volume: 5
   
Issue: 4
Pages: 3852 - 3864
Abstract
The present study investigated the performance of single stage moving bed biological reactor (MBBR) and submerged aerated biological filter (SABF) for the treatment of wastewater contaminated with heterocyclic and homocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons along with phenolic compounds commonly discharged from coal and biomass gasification plants. Performance evaluation of both the bioreactors was carried out by varying hydraulic and organic loading rates (OLR). Removal efficiencies (R.E) of 90.4 ± 0.78% and 85.8 ± 1.96% were achieved in MBBR and SABF, respectively at HRT of 24 h and OLR of 2.45 kg/m3/day. Increasing the OLR to 4.77 kg/m3/day resulted in the reduction of R.E of MBBR and SABF to 86 ± 0.96% and 77.8 ± 1.45%, respectively. MBBR showed better stability against hydraulic and organic shock loads in comparison to SABF. The effect of co-contaminants such as phenol and cresol on overall reactor performance was also investigated. The coexistence of phenol (300 mg/L) and cresol (100 mg/L) affected the removal of other hydrocarbons and resulted in accumulation of the metabolic intermediates. TOC R.E was 86.8% and 84.9% while reduction in toxicity was 61% and 57% in MBBR and SABF during simultaneous treatment of mixed hydrocarbons and phenolic compounds (OLR = 3.43 kg/m3/day, HRT = 24 h). Modified Stover- Kincannon model was incorporated to elucidate the substrate utilization kinetics. Characterization of attached biofilm on the carrier elements showed a significant variation in extracellular polymeric constituents with different pollutant concentrations. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
ISSN22133437
Open AccessNo
Concepts (19)
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    Aromatic compounds
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    Aromatic hydrocarbons
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    Biofilms
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    Bioreactors
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    COAL GASIFICATION PLANTS
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    Filters (for fluids)
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    Hydrocarbons
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    Organic compounds
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    Phenols
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    Wastewater treatment
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    BIOLOGICAL FILTERS
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    BIOMASS GASIFICATION PLANT
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    COAL-GASIFICATION WASTEWATERS
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    METABOLIC INTERMEDIATES
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    MOVING BED BIOFILM REACTORS
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    Phenolic compounds
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    Pollutant concentration
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    STOVER-KINCANNON MODELS
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    Biological water treatment