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Out-of-time-ordered correlators and the Loschmidt echo in the quantum kicked top: How low can we go?
Published in IOP Publishing Ltd
Volume: 54
Issue: 27
The out-of-time-ordered correlators (OTOCs) and the Loschmidt echo are two measures that are now widely being explored to characterize sensitivity to perturbations and information scrambling in complex quantum systems. Studying few qubits systems collectively modeled as a kicked top, we solve exactly the three- and four-qubit cases, giving analytical results for the OTOC and the Loschmidt echo. While we may not expect such few-body systems to display semiclassical features, we find that there are clear signatures of the exponential growth of OTOC even in systems with as low as four qubits in appropriate regimes, paving way for possible experimental measurements. We explain qualitatively how classical phase space structures like fixed points and periodic orbits have an influence on these quantities and how our results compare to the large-spin kicked top model. Finally we point to a peculiar case at the border of quantum-classical correspondence which is solvable for any number of qubits and yet has signatures of exponential sensitivity in a rudimentary form. © 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
PublisherData powered by TypesetIOP Publishing Ltd
Open AccessNo