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On the interplay of friction and stress relaxation to improve stretch-flangeability of dual phase (DP600) steel
K. Prasad, B. Venkatesh, H. Krishnaswamy, D.K. Banerjee,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 32
Pages: 154 - 169
Industrial servo presses have been used to successfully demonstrate improved formability when deforming sheet metals. While the time dependent viscoplastic behavior of material is attributed to the observed formability improvement, much less effort has been devoted to understand and quantify the underlying mechanisms. In this context, the hole expansion test (HET) of a dual phase steel was interrupted at pre-defined punch travel heights to understand the time-dependent effects on stretch-flangeability. The effect of pre-strain, hold time and edge quality on hole expansion ratio (HER) improvement was studied. The present study shows that the HER improves significantly in interrupted HET. This improved HER is due to the combined effects of stress relaxation and friction on deformation behavior. The ductility improvement estimated from uniaxial stress relaxation tests was used to estimate the contribution of stress relaxation and friction, respectively, in HET. This study shows that friction plays a significant role in improving HER at high pre-strain. It was also demonstrated that frictional effects are largely influenced by edge quality. © 2020 CIRP
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetCIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd