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Observations of phase and intensity fluctuations for low-frequency, long-range transmissions in the Philippine Sea and comparisons to path-integral theory
, John A. Colosi, Bruce D. Cornuelle, Matthew A. Dzieciuch, Peter F. Worcester
Published in Acoustical Society of America
2019
PMID: 31370574
Volume: 146
   
Issue: 1
Pages: 567 - 585
Abstract
In the Philippine Sea, from April 2010 to March 2011, a 330-km radius pentagonal acoustic transceiver array with a sixth transceiver in the center transmitted broadband signals with center frequencies between 172 and 275 Hz and 100 Hz bandwidth eight times a day every other day. The signals were recorded on a large-aperture vertical-line array located near the center of the pentagon at ranges of 129, 210, 224, 379, 396, and 450 km. The acoustic arrival structures are interpretable in terms of ray paths. Depth and time variability of the acoustic observations are analyzed for six ray paths (one from each transceiver) with similar vertical sampling properties in the main thermocline. Acoustic-field statistics treated include: (1) variances of phase and intensity, (2) vertical coherence and intensity covariance, (3) glinting and fadeout rates, and (4) intensity probability density functions. Several observed statistics are compared to predictions using Feynman path-integral theory assuming the Garrett-Munk internal-wave spectrum. In situ oceanographic observations support this assumption and are used to estimate spectral parameters. Data and theory differ at most by a factor of two and reveal the wave propagation regimes of unsaturated, partially saturated, and fully saturated. Improvements to the evaluation of path-integral quantities are discussed. © 2019 U.S. Government.
About the journal
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
ISSN00014966
Open AccessNo
Concepts (20)
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    Acoustic fields
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    Quantum theory
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    Transceivers
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    Wave propagation
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    FEYNMAN PATH INTEGRALS
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    Intensity fluctuations
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    PARTIALLY SATURATED
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    PATH-INTEGRAL THEORY
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    PROPAGATION REGIMES
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    Spectral parameters
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    VERTICAL COHERENCE
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    VERTICAL LINE ARRAYS
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    Probability density function
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    Article
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    Covariance
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    Prediction
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    Probability
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    Sampling
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    Statistics
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    Thermocline