Ballistic impact (BI) is a study that deals with a projectile hitting a target and observing its effects in terms of deformation and fragmentation of the target. The Discrete Element Method (DEM) is a powerful numerical technique used to model solid and particulate media. Here, an attempt is made to simulate the BI process using DEM. 1-D DEM for BI is developed and depth of penetration (DOP) is obtained. The DOP is compared with results obtained from 2-D DEM. DEM results are found to match empirical results. Effects of strain rate sensitivity of the material response on DOP are also simulated. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.