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Numerical evaluation of lower extremity injury with variation in the angle of impact
Payyoor H.,
Published in International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury
Volume: 2016-May

Crash analysis has been one of the most challenging areas of research. Crashworthiness assessment is dependent on the injury risks of the occupants and pedestrians, which in turn, is dependent on the deceleration tolerance limits of the human body. Pedestrians belong to one of the most vulnerable group of people during a crash. During a car pedestrian impact, injuries may happen to the head, which may be serious enough to cause death or injuries to the lower extremity which is non‐fatal in nature. The region including the lower extremities is the first region in the human body to come in contact with the vehicle. The bumper is the component which results in lower extremity injury during a car pedestrian impact. Injury to the lower extremities can either be a bone fracture or knee ligament injury. The injury possibility varies with the type of impact. Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS) [1] reports reveals the fact that the impact orientation to the pedestrians mostly occurred in the lateral direction (68%), 17% of the impacts occurred from the front and 10% of impacts occurred from the rear indicating that the pedestrians were facing away from the vehicle. The present study is intended to investigate the variation in injury possibilities of the lower extremities with the variation in impact orientation

About the journal
PublisherInternational Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury
Open AccessNo