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Nucleation and crystallization kinetics of rapidly quenched lithium pyrophosphate glass
Prashant Dabas,
Published in
2013
Volume: 243
   
Pages: 42 - 49
Abstract
66.7Li2O-33.3P2O5 mol% glass prepared by twin-roller rapid quenching has been chosen to investigate the nucleation and crystallization kinetics using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high temperature X-ray diffraction (XRD) as the experimental tools. Such studies assume importance in designing materials for solid state ionic devices. The glass exhibits a nucleation rate of 3.1 × 1018 m- 3 s- 1 at a typical temperature of 583 K and crystal growth rate of 2.1 × 10- 2 nm s- 1 at 643 K. Non-isothermal DSC studies reveal that the glass undergoes bulk crystallization with an activation energy of 114 kJ mol- 1. The crystallized phase is identified as lithium pyrophosphate (Li4P 2O7). Crystallization kinetic studies reveal that Li 4P2O7 crystallizes three dimensionally with increasing number of nuclei. Interestingly, lithium metaphosphate (LiPO 3) appears as a secondary phase in the glass matrix, however, the final glass ceramic product obtained after prolonged heat treatment of the glass is single phase Li4P2O7. The secondary phase also grows three dimensionally with an activation energy of 365 kJ mol - 1, but with constant number of nuclei in contrast to Li 4P2O7. The high nucleation and growth rate with lower activation energy for crystallization of Li4P 2O7 underscore that the glass is extremely prone to nucleation and crystallization. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
About the journal
JournalSolid State Ionics
ISSN01672738
Open AccessNo
Concepts (20)
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    AVRAMI INDICES
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    Bulk crystallization
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    High temperature x-ray diffraction
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    NON-ISOTHERMAL DSC
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    Nucleation and growth
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    Nucleation rate
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    Secondary phase
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    SOLID STATE IONIC DEVICES
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    Activation energy
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    Crystal growth
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    Crystallization
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    Crystallization kinetics
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    Differential scanning calorimetry
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    Differential thermal analysis
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    Glass ceramics
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    Kinetics
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    Nucleation
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    Scanning electron microscopy
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    X ray diffraction
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    Lithium