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Novel spatio-temporal non-linear beamformers for sparse synthetic aperture ultrasound imaging
A. Vayyeti,
Published in Elsevier B.V.
PMID: 36027689
Volume: 126
The development of two modified non-linear beamformers, Spatio-Temporal Delay Multiply and Sum (ST-DMAS) and Spatio-Temporal Delay Euclidian-Weighted Multiply and Sum (ST-DewMAS) is reported in this paper. A sparse-transmit scheme (with only 8 transmits) on Synthetic Transmit Aperture technique (sparse STA) was chosen to evaluate the beamformers ability to generate the high-resolution Ultrasound image. These methods allow for obtaining superior-quality imaging at enhanced frame rates. The different beamformers of ST-DewMAS, ST-DMAS, Filtered Delay Multiply and Sum (F-DMAS), and Delay and Sum (DAS), were compared in terms of the Axial and Lateral Resolutions, AR and LR, respectively, Contrast-to-Noise Ratio (CNR), Contrast Ratio (CR), and Generalized CNR (GCNR). Experimental results demonstrate that the developed ST-DMAS and ST-DewMAS reconstruction on sparse STA technique resulted in better quality images compared to those obtained using DAS and F-DMAS. Specifically, the metrics of AR, LR CR, CNR, and GCNR showed improvements of more than 25% (for ST-DMAS) and 40 % (for ST-DewMAS) over those from DAS and F-DMAS beamformed images, respectively. Thus, the results demonstrate that the frame rate and image quality of an US system can both be enhanced by ST-DewMAS compared to the beamformers of F-DMAS and DAS. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.
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PublisherElsevier B.V.