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Nondestructive evaluation of thermal barrier coating thickness degradation using pulsed IR thermography and THz-TDS measurements: A comparative study
Unnikrishnakurup S., Dash J., Ray S., Pesala B.,
Published in
Volume: 116
Thermal barrier coatings are extensively used in aircraft engines. During service, the TBC coatings degrade because of erosion and sintering by hot gas flow and also by localized wear due to rubbing of flaps with spacers. It is necessary to assess the condition of the coatings as a function of service life through suitable non-destructive means. Pulse Thermography (PT) and Terahertz-Time Domain Spectroscopy (THz-TDS) techniques are used to evaluate the degree of degradation of the thin Air Plasma Sprayed (APS) TBCs top coat thickness. Infrared thermography has the advantage of fast inspection of a large area. In this work, we used a simplified analytical model aided calibration and development of a regression model to quantitatively analyze the thickness degradation in real-world TBC samples that have endured varying service life. These measurements were later verified using THz-TDS imaging, an emerging technique for accurate thickness measurements. Assuming the refractive index of the topcoat material, Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) as 4.8, the topcoat thickness of the entire specimen has been estimated using THz-TDS reflection mode setup. Results show that, the thickness values are varying between 94.94 μm - 114.96 μm for 500 h serviced samples and 32.5 μm - 91.96 μm in the case of 1000 h serviced samples demonstrating loss of TBC with increased service life. Comparison of the pulse thermography results with THz-TDS reveals a mean relative error of less than 10.3% in TBC thickness estimation. Further the results of both the techniques are cross-validated with Eddy current testing and optical microscopy. The proposed non-destructive techniques for TBC estimation will aid in the accurate creation of engine digital twin and will help in scheduling preventive maintenance measures thus increasing the life and safety of key aircraft engine components. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalNDT and E International
Open AccessNo