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Mutational effects of Pannexin 1 R217H depend on the carboxyl-terminus
Rutambhara Purohit,
Published in Elsevier
Volume: 548
Pages: 143 - 147
Pannexin 1 (Panx1) has been implicated in a plethora of physiological and pathophysiological processes. It is one of the major ATP release channels in many cell types. Extracellular ATP, activates purinergic P2X and P2Y receptors, triggering several signaling cascades. A disease-associated mutation, Arg-217-His (R217H) in the 3rd transmembrane domain of Panx1 attenuates channel functions through an unknown mechanism. Since carboxyl terminus (CT) gates the channel, we hypothesized that R217 interacts with the CT, and this interaction is required for optimum channel activities. R217H mutation though reduced the currents in the full-length channel, did not affect CT-truncated Panx1-Δ386. Also, compared to the wild-type, Panx1-R217H expressing cells showed lesser cell death when activated through P2X7 receptor. However, cell death in Panx1-R217H-Δ386 and Panx1-Δ386 expressing cells were similar. The mutation is ineffective unless the channel has an intact CT. Based on our results we propose that R217H mutation perturbs the conformational flexibility of CT, leading to channel dysfunction. © 2021 Elsevier Inc.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier
Open AccessNo